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Multilateral effort advances long-range education

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发表于 2020-9-13 17:12:08 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The newest data that U.N. Educational releases shows, new coronal is pneumonic epidemic situation brings about the whole world the suspend class of 1.58 billion student of 191 countries and area, occupy the whole world to be in 91.3% of school student number. To answer epidemic situation, multilateral publish act to advance education to fall from the line in succession turn to the line. At present process of resume classes of school of a few countries is being advanced steadily. Below the setting that still spreads continuously in epidemic situation, relevant country continues to be popularized energetically and expand long-range education.
Digital technology overcomes the interference that epidemic situation causes
Group Ministry of Education grows 20 countries to held video conference to appeal a few days ago, each country should increase the investment to teaching a respect remotely, explore the method with the stimulative successional education such as technology and digital solution actively, cogent the tenacity that enhances educational system, devote oneself to to solve the interference that epidemic situation causes to teach and grooming.
Epidemic situation is prevented during accusing, many countries open mode of online and long-range education. In France, stop from March since the class, in Ministry of Education supervise and below guidance, students transfer already smoothly the course on the line. France teachs a center remotely to own system of the education on a technical line, the student can register account on this system, make learn on the line. According to introducing, the online schoolteaching content that France teachs a center remotely covers elementary school to high school, already went up line the 2nd, the semester exam content of the 3rd quarter. The student is OK and daily learn independently in the home 3 to 4 hours, learn 5 days every week. The lid points out Braun of minister of French Ministry of Education, system of this online education allows a student to undertake online study through computer, flat computer or mobile phone, can accommodate gross to be 6 million use at the same time to the account of 7 million.
Korea divides batch to begin the education on the line since April 9. Current, korea each school besides platform of the education on the public line that uses Ministry of Education to offer, still make full use of domestic and international the platform on all sorts of lines, safeguard gives lessons remotely success. Give lessons remotely to basically begin with 3 kinds of forms: Online discussion undertake after two-way classroom, student watchs the real time that video of teachers and students connects a line to Korea teachs program of broadcasting television station or watch the video tutorial of pedagogic transcribe, the written task that the student teacher that finish assigns. The teacher can inspect course characteristic and actual condition 3 anthology one, also can mix two to form of 3 kinds of education. Carry out smoothly for what safeguard gives lessons remotely, korea teacher composition studies a group, discuss together give lessons remotely of the tool use, communicate a class experience of research and development.
Ketediwa, Congo (gold) , the government of the developing country such as Nigeria also cooperates with local service business, wait to provide education for elementary school and student of junior high school through network, broadcast, TV. In Internet equipment defective case falls, TV becomes African state government to provide the main medium of communication of long-range education. In Somalia, the course of transcribe leaving a line is uploaded to offer a student to computer of solar energy flat, video course still uses gregarious media channel to undertake sharing, will broadcast through broadcast and TV.
Online education gains ground be faced with restrict and bottleneck
Arrive in multilateral switch " net class " below the setting of mode, a few pertinent questions also are exposed come out, among them digital technology development is lopsided bring " digital chasm " the phenomenon is highlighted particularly.
The broad developing country of Africa, Latin America, South Asia lacks long-range education tool and skill generally. According to the report of U.N. Educational, sahala with the student of nearly 90% does not have area of south Africa continent family expenses computer, and the student of 82% cannot receive Internet. The one big challenge that defective, electric power is in short supply or many African country implementation teach Internet equipment remotely. In the most impoverished family of country of a few Africa, do not have 10% to be able to use stable electric power only.
Additional, a large number of teachers are badly in need of accepting groom, so that be offerred effectively,go up remotely with the line education, low income country lacks this kind of support especially. The report shows, in whole Sahala with south Africa continent, only the elementary school teacher of 64% and the middle school teacher of 50% had been accepted most fundamental vocational training, often do not include information and appearance of inside Shanghaiguan of photograph of communication technology skill among them.
In the country with domestic Internet high popularity rate, online education popularizes the challenge that face to include online study to lack countrywide all-pervading inadequacy of level of digitlization of platform, teacher. Be in Germany, local middle and primary school is shut in succession since March. Because infrastructure of hardware of middle and primary school still is perfected not quite, online study platform did not realize large area to gain ground. In addition, before epidemic situation is eruptive, teacher of German middle and primary school does not use multimedia to have teacher and student truly to the half only, whole digitlizes teaching ability to still have space of very big promotion.
In Korea, during the education on the line, user increase sharply brings about network card to pause, the case that cannot login is very severe. Korea Ministry of Education combines ministry of Korea science and technology to undertake the overhaul to the platform on common thread for many times, move in order to ensure platform fluent. In view of the part the student cannot attend a network to give lessons normally likely, stage of Korea education broadcasting television broadcasts different school age respectively with many special channel paragraph education program, till school resume classes till.
United Nations Children's Fund Commission (base meeting) Robert Zhanjinsi points out controller of global education project, in the educational crisis that deepens increasingly, offer all sorts of long-range study tools to accelerate online rate crucial. Accordingly, base meet the partner that is the same as 140 many countries and area be based on the platform such as network, broadcast and TV through design and be being made replace a gender to teach content, ensure student learning is not interrupted.
Strengthen international collaboration to make agile education system
"We never had seen education is faced with so large-scale interrupt, collaboration is the only way that solves a problem. " Azulai represented U.N. Educational total person in charge of something recently, each country should according to native and actual condition, arouse science and technology and community to be united in wedlock, should accelerate between each country share relevant experience. "Feasible measure includes the solution with national cloud so complex platform already, also include the simple tool such as broadcasting station program and the mobile client end that can use from the line. Also include the simple tool such as broadcasting station program and the mobile client end that can use from the line..
Conference of long video of group Ministry of Education appeals 20 countries, each country should increase the investment to teaching a respect remotely, strengthen international collaboration, further information to communicate, extend technical application at the same time, share high grade resource, in order to build more powerful teach a system with agile whole world.
U.N. Educational was initiated this year in March established a whole world to teach alliance, use program of optimal and long-range study in order to support each country promotion, ensure with all one's strength during epidemic situation student " suspend class learns ceaselessly " . International Labour Organization, base the many international organization such as the meeting already joined alliance. Companies of many science and technology such as Microsoft also join this alliance, provide the resource of technical respect and professional knowledge.
Current, a few countries had begun to try to cross domain collaboration, share in order to realize educational natural resources. Recently, china, Africa, U.N. Educational new coronal supports Africa with epidemic disease hind during pneumonic epidemic situation dialog of preferential high level can be held with video form. On the meeting, dragon company announced Chinese Internet intranet " construction of online education ability plans African teacher " , this plan will open number of Zhang of 1 million online education for Africa, groom teacher of 100 thousand backbones, head period it is 10 thousand. Combine other partner to make 1000 focusing at the same time " promote a teacher online education capability " groom course.
In addition, chinese government has coordinated a batch of just republic societies to teach resource, carry U.N. Educational platform or bilateral kind, provide platform of high grade and long-range education and curricular resource freely for African country, support construction of African teacher ability and talent education.
"In digital revolution times, digitlization ability also becomes necessary accomplishment of the student. Epidemic situation times continues to explore and use means of this kind of education after very be necessary. " Fulidelike Duze of director of academy of politics of fringe of ground of the 8th university says Paris, "Want to achieve the optimal result that the number teachs, each country still has very large promotion space in the respect such as policy, technology, practice, because this needs more,also strengthen information to share cooperate with international. " (Jiang Mafei of Lv of reporter Liuling Ling)
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